The Japanese decided to remove the officers from the ranks and thereby removing leadership. Also amongst those transported were civilians in prominent positions. The ‘Special Parties’ included Americans, Australians, British, Canadians and Dutch from PoW camps throughout the far East. Initially the majority were sent to Karenko Camp, Taiwan, but as the war progressed and the threat of invasion from Allied forces increased, the high ranking PoW’s and civilians were transported to Mukden, in Manchuria.
These parties have gone under various names:- Java Staff Party, Staff Party, Dutch Special Party, Scholten's Special Party and Special Party. Although the names these parties were given vary, they do relate to the same parties. So there is no confusion, in reading these pages, I have labelled them under one name ‘Special Party’.
Special Party Rolls - High Ranking Officers and Civilians
Special Party Transports - An overall picture of the many transports
Map of Japanese Control