St Stephens College Hospital
When the Japanese invaded Hong Kong on 8th December 1941 St Stephen’s College at Stanley was one of the hospitals to which wounded soldiers were taken. Before the war, it had been a school for boys. About 6 a.m. on Christmas Day 1941 the Japanese troops entered the hospital. James Barrett, who came from Quebec, was in the hospital when the soldiers came in. He saw five Japanese soldiers’ bayonet about fifteen wounded men while they were still in bed.
On that day there were about a hundred and sixty patients in the hospital and seven nurses. The Japanese proceeded to herd together all who could walk, both patients and staff, and put them into a storeroom. All of them were entitled to be treated as prisoners of war or protected persons.
At the Tokyo trial Mr. Barrett gave the following evidence: -
After we had been there for about an hour the Japanese moved us up to a smaller room. Until then the nurses had been with me, but as we were being moved from the storeroom to the smaller room they were taken away. I saw one of them beaten over the head with a steel helmet, kicked, and then slapped in the face by a Japanese soldier. In the small room ninety men were placed with me, some of the hospital staff and some of the wounded men. The room was so small that we could not have all sat down together, and it was necessary for the very sick or wounded men to lie down as best they could and when they could.
After we had been in the room for a little while a Japanese soldier came to the door, made us put up our hands and took my watch, my ring and some money which I had in my pocket. Later, another Japanese soldier entered with a sack of ammunition and threw cartridges in our faces. Yet a third came in, a few minutes later, and removed two riflemen. Immediately afterward, we heard screams coming from the corridor outside.
We remained in this room until 4 p.m. when a Japanese soldier entered and gave us to understand by sign language that Hong Kong had surrendered.
The next day I made a tour of the hospital. It was in a dreadful state. I found the two men who had been taken out of our room. Their bodies were badly mutilated ............!!!
About seventy or more wounded men had been killed by bayonets while in their beds. Many were seriously wounded. None of the victims had been armed, nor was the hospital anywhere near the battle vicinity. I found the dead bodies of the commanding officer of the hospital, and his adjutant, on the ground floor. They had been badly mutilated.
I was anxious about the nurses as I had not seen them again after their separation from the rest of us. During the morning I saw four of them coming towards me. They were in a terrible state and had experienced dreadful things during the night. They had been assaulted by Japanese soldiers ...............!!!
None of us had yet seen the three other nurses.
I started to organise burial parties but the Japanese soldiers made us light a fire and cremate all the bodies in and around the hospital. I cremated about one hundred and seventy bodies. Some came from the hospital itself, and others from the fields surrounding it.
Part Roll of those who died from
Not the Slightest Chance - The Defence of Hong Kong
by Tony Banham
Bregg, Eileen - Nurse, Nursing Detachment HKVDC, Murdered
Buxton, Alberta - Nurse, Nursing Detachment HKVDC, Murdered
Smith, Marjorie Mary - Nurse, Nursing Detachment HKVDC, Murdered
Hickey, Overton Stark, Cpt., Killed while trying to protect nurses
Black, George Duncan - Lt.Col. HKVDC Murdered
Witney, Peter Norman, Cpt., Murdered
McKay. John - Rifleman, Murdered
Henderson, Elzie - Rifleman, Murdered
Cheng Kam Shing - Private 4 Coy, HKVDC
Leung Chik Wai - Lance Corporal, 4 Coy, HKVDC
Ng Po Lau - Corporal, 4 Coy, HKVDC
Buckingham, Harry William - L/ Bdr, 1 Bty, HKVDC
Collins-Taylor, Douglas Harvey - L/Bdr, 1 Bty, HKVDC
Duffy, Jocelyn Tierney, Gnr, 1 Bty, HKVDC
Johnson, Lloyd George, Gnr, 1 Bty, HKVDC
Fallow, William - L/Corp
Thompson, Godfrey - L/Corp 1 Bty, HKVDC
Yung Yue Wang - Gnr, 1 Bty, HKVDC
Parkin, William - Shot while trying to escape
Badri Dratt - Ambulance Sepoy
Dalip, Singh, Nursing Sepoy
Ganga Sagar Dikshit, Havildar
Tam Cheung Huen - husband of Lucy Tam
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