To honour those who served their country

“In this their finest hour”

Java Index

 

Java Parties (please click on the ship to see more information on that party)

JP

Ship

Depart Batavia

Destination

Arrive

US

Aust

UK

Dutch

Total

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

Nishi Maru

1942/09/14

Singapore

1942/09/18

 

25

700

 

725

2

Unknown Ship

1942/09/22

Singapore

1942/09/26

 

1

1299

 

1300

3

Oyo Maru

1942/10/01

Singapore

1942/10/05

191

88

 

121

400

4

Kenkon Maru

1942/10/08

Singapore

1942/10/12

 

1499

 

 

1499

5

Dainichi Maru

1942/10/12

Singapore

1942/10/17

 

 

 

 

3000

5A

Singapore Maru

1942/10/16

Singapore

1942/10/19

554

378

518

150

1500

5B

Tofuku Maru

1942/10/18

Singapore

1942/10/21

1

 

 

2001

2002

5C

Kunitama Maru

1942/10/21

Singapore

1942/10/26

 

 

500

1501

2001

5D

Kunitama Maru

1942/10/21

Singapore

1942/10/26

 

 

 

1000

1000

5E

Kunitama Maru

1942/10/21

Singapore

1942/10/26

 

 

 

400

400

5F

Yoshida Maru

1942/10/22

Singapore

1942/10/26

 

 

1000

 

1000

5G

Oyo Maru

1942/10/29

Singapore

1942/11/02

94

 

 

906

1000

6

Usu Maru

1943/01/04

Singapore

1943/01/07

 

1484

 

486

1970

7

Harugiku Maru

1943/01/04

Singapore

1943/01/07

 

 

 

992

992

8

Wien

1943/01/13

Singapore

1943/01/17

 

 

 

1699

1699

9

Harugiku Maru

1943/01/15

Singapore

1943//01/18

 

 

 

3188

3188

10

Tacoma Maru

1943/01/25

Singapore

1943/01/28

 

 

 

2000

2000

11

Unknown Ship

1943/01/29

Singapore

1943/02/02

 

 

 

500

500

12

Maebashi Maru

1943/02/01

Singapore

1943/02/09

 

 

3

1702

1702

13

Roko Maru

1943/02/09

Singapore

1943/02/12

 

 

704

296

1000

14

Unknown Ship

1943/02/10

Singapore

1943/02/13

 

 

 

650

650

15

Kinta Maru

1943/02/27

Singapore

1943/03/02

 

 

3

4

7

16

Harugiku Maru

1943/09/11

Singapore

1943/09/14

 

 

360

159

519

17

Makassar Maru

1943/09/26

Singapore

1943/09/30

 

 

429

2169

2600

17A

 

 

 

1943/10/01

 

8

10

4

55

18

 

 

Singapore

1944/01/22

 

 

2

28

30

19

France Maru

1943/11/05

Palembang

1943/11/10

 

1

419

1680

2100

20

Kiska Maru

1944/05/17

Singapore

1944/05/21

42

258

194

306

800

21

Chuka Maru

1944/05/14

Padang

1944/05/22

 

 

310

1615

1925

22

Unknown Ship

1944/06/27

Singapore

1944/07/01

8

123

286

843

1260

23

Junyo Maru

1944/09/17

Torpedoed

1944/09/18

6

 

62

2232

2300

24

Kinta Maru

1944/09/13

Singapore

1944/09/17

3

2

47

1028

1080

25

Unknown Ship

1945/01/08

Singapore

1945/01/11

 

 

275

679

958

26

Kinta Maru

1945/01/16

Singapore

1945/01/21

8

106

117

408

639

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

913

3980

6186

30000

40000


 

Reference:-

 

 

AITKEN, E F, "The Story of 2/2 Australian Pioneer Battalion", Melbourne 1953

 

Roll of Honour, Index of names, and in the Java chapter a detailed description of the defence by Blackforce of the Leuwiliang River crossing, 3-5 March 1942

 

 

AUDUS, Leslie J, "Spice Island Slaves", UK repr. 1998

 

Essential reading for Haruku Island, Liang, Ambon, etc. Interesting account of synthesising vital B vitamins from rice. Good maps and illustrations. Straightforward writing for general reader.

 

 

AUSTRALIAN WAR MEMORIAL,

 

Vast archive of Honour Rolls, documents, photographs, maps, etc, etc. Contains much of interest concerning British POWs

 

 

BAKER, Alf 'Blackie', "What Price Bushido?", UK 1991

 

One of the few survivors of the Gunners 600 party to New Britain, most of whom moved on to Ballale Island. Plain and deeply moving account of the camps at Kokopo & Death Valley

 

 

CHALKER, Jack Bridger, "Burma Railway Artist", London 1994

 

Beautiful & moving paintings & drawings in colour and black-and-white of the Burma Railway, incl. the famous watercolour of Hintock Cutting

 

 

COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION,

 

Roll of Honour, often giving family details. Records where the POW is buried or commemorated and describes the war cemetery, but does not state place or cause of death. Not illustrated. Records may be downloaded & printed off.

 

 

CORFIELD, Justin, "Java: British & Empire Graves 1743-1975", BACSA 1999

 

Burial records of Jakarta War Cemetery. This cemetery holds graves of POWs who died in Sumatra as well as in Java. In 1961, at the request of the Indonesian Government, Commonwealth War Graves from Palembang and Medan in Sumatra, Mentok on Bangka Island, and Surabaya, East Java, were amalgamated in Jakarta War Cemetery.

 

 

COWLING, Anthony, "My Life with the Samurai", Australia 1996

 

Young RAF man captured in Java, held in Surabaya Jaarmarkt, Semarang, Haruku, Ambon and Muna Island. Detailed account, with good maps (his journeys 1941-1945, Haruku, Ambon & Haruku), bibliography, index. Good source for this area.

 

 

DUFFY, Capt. George, USMM,

 

Unique personal account by American merchant marine officer of working on Pakanbaru Railway, Sumatra, reached via his home page. Duffy spent many weeks on the German raider which sank his ship. Handed over to the Japanese in Batavia, Java, he was eventually sent to Pakanbaru where he spent 13 months working on the death railway. One of the few English-speaking POWs to speak & read Dutch, he took part in the Junyo Maru commemorative service in the Netherlands. His page includes link to a brief Dutch history of the Pakanbaru Railway (English version). I've had most helpful emails from Capt. Duffy, and am very grateful to him for sharing his knowledge & experiences.
NEVER say people over 70 are uninterested in/incapable of using the Internet! Wake up, World, there are lots of us out here, making a contribution.

 

 

DUNLOP, E E, Sir, "War Diaries of Weary Dunlop", Australia 1987

 

Eminent Australian surgeon serving with AAMC in Syria, Java, Changi, Burma railway. Day-to-day account of these years, written up at the end of each day. Essential source for POW life in Java and on the Burma Railway, especially about the cholera epidemic on the railway, POW food, and POW hospitals.

 

 

HARRISON, Bryan,

 

History of RAF 242 (Canadian) Sqn, commemorating Harrison's grandfather, LAC1 George Henry Reid Slater, died on voyage Haruku-Ambon in 1944.

 

 

HOME, James, "Their Last Tenko", UK 1989

 

RAF man, 242 (Canadian) Squadron, Douglas Bader's squadron. Detailed acount of Java & Haruku. Stationed at Malang when the Dutch capitulated, he witnessed execution of 3 RAF men by Japanese for attempting to escape.

 

 

Japanese PoW Camps

 

A Nederland site which has helped in constructing the ’Java Parties’:-

 

http://www.japansekrijgsgevangenkampen.nl/

 

 

JOHNS, W E & Kelly, R A, "No Surrender", UK 1969, repr. 1989

 

CPO, HMS Exeter. Makassar Camp, Pamalla, Japan (Yoshikuma)

 

 

LEE, Flt Lieut Peter E, RAF, quoted in Don Wall, "Kill the Prisoners" (see below)

 

Long passages from his day-to-day diary, covering Java & Kuching. Detailed account of the latter

 

 

NELSON, David, "The Story of Changi, Singapore" Australia 1974

 

Spent 3 1/2 years in Changi camp administration where he recorded the movements of over 100,000 POWs. By war's end he and his team had compiled a card index of some 63,000 names. These cards and nominal rolls were distributed to service departments after the war, but since then many have apparently disappeared. The story of these 3 1/2 years is remarkable. The book has several appendices, listing Japanese POW ships believed torpedoed or lost; summary of vessels known to have sailed from Singapore and Java ports 1942; parties of POWs ex Java; and many other treasures. I grieve over the lost 63,000, but rejoice in the contents of the book

 

 

PALEY, Tony, "The Sparrows", UK 1989

 

The story of the 79th (Timor) Battery 21 LAA Regiment, RA. Five RA regiments sent to Java (not 3, as Churchill wrote), and Paley appends a Roll of Honour for each, also notes on their history. Chapters on the fighting in Sumatra, 3 chapters on Java, 3 on Timor. List of RAF squadrons Far East.

 

 

PHILPS, Richard, "Prisoner Doctor", UK 1996

 

RAF Medical Officer, experiences in Java & on Haruku. A good companion to Audus' book. A lovely man! Who else would give recipes for POW nasi goreng and frog pie?

 

 

RICHARDS, D & SAUNDERS, H St G, "The Royal Air Force 1939-1945", vol. 2. UK 1975

 

Chap III - "Sumatra & Java", brief account of events from 30/01/1942 on. Also map of Japanese invasion of East Indies.

 

 

SILVER, Lynette Ramsay, "Sandakan: Conspiracy of Silence", Australia 3rd edition 2000

 

Lynette Silver  is an authority on Borneo and POW burials. Essential source for Australian & British POWs in North Borneo, especially those in Sandakan and on the death marches to Ranau

 

 

WALL, Don, "Kill the Prisoners", Australia no date, but c. 1995.

 

Aimed specifically at British readers. Important chapters on Ballale Island massacre; Suez Maru massacre; and Flt Lt Peter Lee's diary (see above). Includes a number of carefully researched nominal rolls (Capt. J F D Mills' party; Sqd Ldr Hardie's party; Gunners 600; Suez Maru; Jesselton & Kuching deaths), also many personal photographs

 

 

WATERFORD, VAN, "Prisoners of the Japanese in World War II", USA 1994

.

This important reference book was compiled by an ex-POW who laboured on the Pakanbaru railway in Sumatra. It is an essential source for anyone interested in POWs in S E Asia, particularly for those concerned with the Indies. Includes a detailed chapter on Japanese transport ships with names & dates, also a comprehensive list of POW and civilian internee camps throughout the region plus much more background information. Unfortunately rather rare and expensive to buy. Best to try and borrow a copy through your public library service unless you have access to a specialist library like the School of Oriental and African Studies in London. Alas! the day comes all too soon when the book has to be returned.....

 

 

 

Keeping The Candle Burning

 

Fepow Family

In Memory of Fred Taylor,  Anthea Beckett, John Weedon and Arthur Lane
Designed & Maintained by Ron Taylor.

 

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